KhNUIAIR(Institutional Repository of KhNUIA) ISSN 2524-0501

Дослідження професором О. І. Палюмбецьким (1811–1897) судових доказів доби Київської Русі

Show simple item record Греченко, В. А. Grechenko, V. A. ORCID: 2019-01-18T14:01:32Z 2019-01-18T14:01:32Z 2018
dc.description Греченко, В. А. Дослідження професором О. І. Палюмбецьким (1811–1897) судових доказів доби Київської Русі / Володимир Анатолійович Греченко // Право і безпека. – 2018. – № 2 (69). – С. 23-28. uk_UA
dc.description.abstract Проаналізовано творчий доробок професора та ректора Харківського університету О. І. Палюмбецького стосовно деяких аспектів права Київської Русі. Основну увагу приділено його науковим поглядам щодо судових доказів у давньоруському законодавстві порівняно з германським. Проаналізовано, як оцінювалися вченим такі докази, як власне зізнання, різного роду випробування, показання свідків. uk_UA
dc.description.abstract The objective of the article is to highlight the scientific work of Professor O. I. Paliumbetskyi in the field of the history of Old Russian law. This objective is specified in the following tasks: to show how the witnesses testimonies were evaluated by scholars; what significance he gave to probations in the system of court evidence of the time of Kievan Rus; where he saw the peculiarities of the Russian legislation regarding court evidence in comparison with the German one. The scientific novelty of the article is the fact that it first reveals the essence of the scientific contribution of O. I. Paliumbetskyi to the study of the judicial process of the Kievan Rus period. The author has demonstrated what kind of court evidence of this time he considered the basic, in particular, the author has revealed his understanding of the value of witness testimony (including outcomes and obituaries), probations and oaths. The scholar has stressed that the development of justice largely depended on the formation of statehood in Russia – there was the evolution of the legal process with its genesis. O. I. Paliumbetskyi drew attention to the fact that the distinctive feature of the most ancient laws of many peoples was the identity of private and criminal law, according to which all decisions regarding private relations between individuals were at the same time criminal law, and certain punishment was provided for their violation. The researcher has shown that the testimony of witnesses in Old Russian law served as the basis of the whole system, and all other evidence was related to it. Considering the significance of the oath in legal proceedings of that period, O. I. Paliumbetskyi noted that the right to prove by the oath in the old Russian laws equally belonged to both the indictor and the accused. The first used it when he was not able to provide any evidence, even imperfect, and the latter used the oath as a mean of purging from the evidence against him. The scholar pointed out that the fight between the parties, according to the Russian law, was used in the absence of evidence of a plaintiff and, moreover, served as evidence for a defendant, who could replace it with other means of defense, except for the oath. O. I. Paliumbetskyi came to the conclusion that the influence of German legislation on the Old Russian one in relation to the system of court evidence was insignificant. en
dc.description.abstract Проанализированы творческие наработки профессора и ректора Харьковского университета А. И. Палюмбецкого относительно некоторых аспектов права Киевской Руси. Основное внимание уделено его научным взглядам касательно судебных доказательств в древнерусском законодательстве по сравнению с германским. Проанализировано, как оценивались учёным такие доказательства, как собственное признание, разного рода испытания, показания свидетелей. ru
dc.language.iso other uk_UA
dc.publisher Право і безпека. – 2018. – № 2 (69). – С. 23-28 uk_UA
dc.subject Держава і право. State and Law. Государство и право uk_UA
dc.subject Історія. History. История uk_UA
dc.subject Наукові публікації. Scientific publications. Научные публикации uk_UA
dc.subject Україна. Ukraine. Украина uk_UA
dc.subject історія права uk_UA
dc.subject Палюмбецький О. І. uk_UA
dc.subject Київська Русь uk_UA
dc.subject Руська Правда uk_UA
dc.subject судові докази uk_UA
dc.subject история права uk_UA
dc.subject Палюмбецкий А. И. uk_UA
dc.subject Киевская Русь uk_UA
dc.subject Русская Правда uk_UA
dc.subject судебные доказательства uk_UA
dc.subject history of law uk_UA
dc.subject Paliumbetskyi O. I. uk_UA
dc.subject Kievan Rus uk_UA
dc.subject Russkaia Pravda uk_UA
dc.subject court evidence uk_UA
dc.subject Кримінально-процесуальне право. Criminal and Procedure Law. Уголовное процессуальное право uk_UA
dc.title Дослідження професором О. І. Палюмбецьким (1811–1897) судових доказів доби Київської Русі uk_UA
dc.title.alternative Research of court evidence of the time of Kievan Rus accomplished by professor O. I. Paliumbetskyi (1811-1897) uk_UA
dc.title.alternative Исследование профессором А. И. Палюмбецким (1811–1897) судебных доказательств периода Киевской Руси uk_UA
dc.type Article uk_UA

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