Правові наслідки застосування умовно-дострокового звільнення від відбування покарання

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Вісник Кримінологічної асоціації України. - 2016. - № 1 (12). - С. 54-61.
Проаналізовано правові наслідки умовно-дострокового звільнення від відбування покарання. Встановлено, що для ефективного застосування цього виду звільнення від відбування покарання необхідно закріпити у законі перелік обов’язків, які можуть бути покладені на звільненого під час невідбутої частини покарання.
Reform of the criminal legislation, as well as the implementation of existing criminal and legal norms, provides the broadest use of the achievements of legal science, awareness and consideration of social realities, analysis of positive and negative experiences of criminal and legal practice. Under such conditions the issue of developing legal and organizational principles of parole is distinguished by its relevance and novelty among many theoretical and practical tasks that need to be solved. In terms of the necessity to guarantee the constitutional rights of citizens in Ukraine, the improvement of the procedure of applying parole as a mean aimed at reducing the period of isolation of a convict, if he keeps a number of relevant conditions, needs of further development. The relevance of the chosen topic is due to the fact that, despite the changes in the legislation of Ukraine, the issue of determining the essence of parole, as well as the grounds, conditions and legal consequences of its use requires a comprehensive study. The papers of the following scholars are devoted to the research of some issues of parole: O. V. Dashchenko, T. A. Denisova, O. O. Zhytnyi, S. I. Zeldov, L. V. Inohamova-Khehai, O. O. Knyzhenko, L. V. Kuznetsova, O. S. Mihlin, V. V. Skybytskyi, Yu. M. Tkachevskyi, V. M. Trubnikov and others. However, their studies fragmentarily concern the mentioned matter or are based on the norms of the previous legislation, and the lack of modern scientific publications reflects both the complexity of its coverage, and the selectiveness of attention from researchers. The objective of this paper is to analyze the legal consequences of applying parole. According to the criminal legislation of Ukraine prematu - rity of parole lies in terminating legal restrictions associated with serving some type of the punishment before the term set by the court verdict. The conditional nature of this type of relief is determined by nominating certain conditions for a convict on parole during the unserved part of the sentence. Analysis of the current criminal (the Art. 81 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) and penal (the Articles 160, 161, 162 of the Penal Code of Ukraine) legislation makes it possible to distinguish legal consequences of parole. It should be noted that nowadays there is a situation, where a convict on parole can afford any negative behavior during the unserved part of punishment, such as commission of administrative offenses, antisocial lifestyle, and it will not be grounds to abolish parole and returning a person to a real punishment. Only in the case of a new crime commission the person will be sentenced by the rule of cumulative punishment. Based on the fact that the purpose of parole is to facilitate a successful transition of a convicted from the requirements of the regime of enduring the punishment to adherent life in normal society, it is appropriate to make certain amendments to the norms regulating parole. Granting parole should be accompanied by special conditions, as well as measures to promote re-socialization and control that are intended to return a convict to normal life in the society. The law should provide a comprehensive list of specific duties, which a convict on parole must comply with during the unserved part of the punishment that would contribute to his successful re-socialization. Consolidation of certain responsibilities on a convict on parole, on the one hand, will increase the responsibility of the released concerning his behavior during the probation period, and on the other, will provide individual approach to each released and assist his re-socialization. Conditional character of this type of release should be manifested in laying certain obligations on a convict on parole and monitoring their implementation, as well as the abolition of parole, if these obligations are not executed.
Проанализированы правовые последствия условно-досрочного освобождения от отбывания наказания. Установлено, что для эффективного применения этого вида освобождения необходимо закрепить в уголовном законодательстве перечень обязанностей, которые могут налагаться на условно-досрочно освобожденных в течении неотбытой части наказания.
Казначеєва, Д. В. Правові наслідки застосування умовно-дострокового звільнення від відбування покарання / Д. В. Казначеєва // Вісник Кримінологічної асоціації України. - 2016. - № 1 (12). - С. 54-61.
Ключові слова
Кримінальне право. Criminal Law. Уголовное право, Наукові публікації. Scientific publications. Научные публикации, Україна. Ukraine. Украина, умовно-дострокове звільнення, невідбута частина покарання, legal consequences, convict on parole, unserved term, условно-досрочно освобожденный, неотбытая часть наказания, условно-досрочное освобождение, умовно-достроково звільнений, обов’язки звільнених, звільнення від відбування покарання
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